🗽 Amérique Les Huguenots au Canada
...england and other european maritime powers, never accepted the pope's right to parcel up the world.
claimed rights to the western hemisphere on the basis of jacques
cartier's voyages in the 1530s. preoccupied by the wars of religion, the
french were not very aggressive in the colonization race. nevertheless,
fishermen from normandy, brittany and the basque country were active in
the sea off what is now canada for as much as three decades before
cartier and in the middle of the 16th century they began to trade in
many of the fishermen and the fur traders sailed from ports
like st. malo, dieppe, and la rochelle, areas that, as calvinism
spread, became huguenot centers.
furthermore, the huguenots had a
virtual monopoly on the processing of beaver fur; they held a chemical
formula for treating the fur that enabled them to maintain their control
of the european beaver fur market even after the revocation of the
edict of nantes resulted in their diaspora.
if fishing took the
french to the st. lawrence valley, it was the fur trade that dept them
there. on november 8, 1603, de monts, who had formed a company in
partnership with a number of french coastal merchants, obtained a
commission from (king) henri iv authorizing him as viceroy to possess
and settle that part of north america located between the fortieth and
forty-sixth degrees of latitude, extending roughly from the present-day
city of philadelphia, pa to north of montreal, canada and described in
the commission as la cadie, canada, and other parts of new france.
cartier had given the name acadia to the northern coastal area of north
america, encompassing nova scotia and cape breton island, prince edward
island, new brunswick and part of (the state of) maine.
often confused with the greek province, arcadia considered to represent
the virtues of archaic simplicity, acadia had o classical connotations.
the name was based on a micmac indian...
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